In peer to peer networks each station on the network treats each other station as an equal or peer. This is also called a workgroup.There is no specialized server which provide internet connection sharing,file,print,mail,fax,web,dns,dhcp,database,certificate,
firewall,application,communications,remote access services to all the other stations.
Any printer,hard drive,CD drive,floppy drive, or scanner located on any one station can share access with all the other stations on the network. When you share a resource,such as a printer then the computer that shares the resource becomes the server and the computer that accesses the shared resource becomes the client. In peer to peer networks we can both share resources and access shared resources equally. Our computer can be both a server and a client at the same time.
In peer to peer networks there are generally 10 or fewer workstations. Users act as their own administrator and security. There are security features in peer to peer networks also which will allow you to grant or remove access to shared resources on your computer. Limited growth in peer to peer networks.
Served Based Networks:
These networks have specialized servers which provide internet connection sharing, file,print,mail,fax,web,dns,dhcp,database,certificate, communications,firewall,
application,remote access services to all the other stations. Server based networks supports many users. We can get greater security in server based networks. We can have central administration,centralized backup in server based networks.
Note: Articles on Windows NT,Windows 2000 Server,Windows 2003 Server will come soon on my blog under the same NETWORKING section.